It is not always simple to replace current energy sources with renewable sources in all energy applications. The combination of renewable energy/battery storage is the appropriate solution for many applications to achieve a decarbonised energy system but does not offer a solution for the decarbonisation of important industrial sectors such as the steel, cement and (petro)chemical industries, not the reduction of CO2 emissions for heavy transport. That is why an extra dimension was added to the EnergyVille research, power-to-molecules.
Within the power-to-molecules research line, EnergyVille investigates new technologies to convert energy into molecules (e.g. hydrogen, methane, methanol or ammonia) that can serve as fuel for sectors such as aviation, shipping or as a starting point for the production of polymers and plastics. Scenario studies around the world show that Power-to-X and Carbon Capture and Utilization (CCU) could become critical technologies for decarbonising our energy system. They are therefore an important and growing part of research within the EnergyVille partnership.