Given the fact that there is a major peak in solar energy around noon, the current injection into the grid must be limited when there is a lot of sun to prevent overloading of the electricity grid. In the BREGILAB study, different options will be studied to use the generated renewable energy as directly as possible, as this is the cheapest solution. In addition, alternatives will be considered, such as an injection limit in combination with storage with batteries, to ensure that grid overload is avoided with high production of renewable energy.
The BREGILAB project will examine in detail how this can be practically realized at minimal cost for network expansion and batteries. The following topics will be studied:
- Design of the electricity grid for maximizing the direct consumption of renewable energy with a grid injection limit
- Optimal geographical distribution of the capacity of wind turbines
- Optimal geographical distribution and orientation of solar panels
- Optimal dimensioning and spreading of storage, for instance with batteries
- Use of surplus renewable energy for thermal industrial processes
- Impact of the growth of electric cars and heat pumps on the electricity grid
In this way, the BREGILAB project forms an essential element to prepare Belgium for the further rollout of solar and wind energy in the coming decades. The project will be executed under the direction of Dr. ir. Marc Meuris of EnergyVille/imomec, in collaboration with his colleague Dr. Pieter Lodewijks from EnergyVille/VITO.